A travel guide to Sri Lanka


This article is about Sri Lanka,  the tropical island in the Indian Ocean off the south-east tip of India. It’s a country that you need to put on your bucket list since it has a lot to offer, from magnificent beaches and jungle-clad mountains to historical cities and wildlife reserves.

In this Sri Lanka travel guide:

  • Best time to visit
  • How to get there
  • Travel requirements
  • Getting around
  • Inspiration, highlights & travel tips
  • Suggested itineraries

Find suggested itineraries below in the guide


Its equatorial position means that temperatures in Sri Lanka are fairly constant year round, with coastal regions enjoying average temperatures of 25-30°C (77 -86°F) and the highlands around 15-18°C (59-65°F). The tropical climate in Sri Lanka is complex as it is dictated by two monsoon seasons:

  • The south-western monsoon brings rain to the Sri Lanka southern and western regions between May and September, while the dry season in this region runs from December to March. These regions are Sri Lanka’s most popular tourist areas (e.g. Colombo, resort towns, and Yala National Park).
  • The north-eastern monsoon brings wind and rain to Sri Lanka’s north and eastern coastal regions between mid-November and January, and drier weather between May and September.
  • There’s also an inter-monsoonal season in October and the first half of November, which sees fine weather for most of the island interspersed with sudden thunderstorms.

All in all, the drier transition months of April and September are the best to see the whole country. As with many South-East Asian destinations, the period from December to mid-April is considered the peak season for overall weather and therefore overall visitor numbers.

Amazing Sri Lankan sunset

Sri Lanka receives numerous international flights via its main airport, Bandaranaike International Airport. It is named after former Prime Minister SWRD Bandaranaike and is located in a suburb of Negombo, 20 miles (32.5 km) north of the commercial capital Colombo. You can easily find a list of airlines that offer direct flights to Colombo from sites such as webjet and skyscanner.

Travel requirements for sri Lanka


Requirements for entry into Sri Lanka differ from country to country, and are subject to change.

Prior to departure, always check with your government and your nearest Sri Lankan embassy or consulate what documents you need for travel to Sri Lanka.

Monkey – Makake – Sri Lanka
  • You need an international passport with at least six months validity to enter Sri Lanka.
  • Most nationalities need a tourist or business visa to enter Sri Lanka. You can apply for one online here. Tourist visas are normally issued for a maximum period of 30 days.
  • You need a yellow fever certificate. Although there is no risk of yellow fever in Sri Lanka, immigration officials may ask to see yellow fever vaccination certificates or exemption certificates when you are arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission and for travellers having transited for more than 12 hours through an airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Although Sri Lanka is relatively small in size, traveling around the island can be frustrating and time-consuming. With the exception of the highway between Colombo and Galle, the country’s narrow roads and dangerous traffic, congested with pedestrians, cyclists and tuktuks make traveling difficult.

  • Chauffeur-driven cars are the recommended way to get around Sri Lanka and these can be arranged via most hotels & tour operators.
  • Car hire is available from several international agencies. Motorised rickshaws are also readily available for hire in towns and villages. Most roads are tarred, with a 56 kph (35 mph) speed limit in built-up areas and 75 kph (45 mph) outside towns. The minimum age for driving a car is 18.
  • Charter flights can be arranged to any destination in Sri Lanka. One company offering this service is Deccan Aviation Lanka, which is authorized to operate both helicopters and fixed wing aircraft across the country.
  • Trains connect Colombo with all tourist towns, but first-class carriages, air conditioning and dining cars are only available on a few. New fast services operate on the principal routes, including an intercity express service between Colombo and Kandy, otherwise journeys are fairly leisurely. The Viceroy Express is the only passenger steam train still in operation in Sri Lanka, hauled by a vintage British locomotive at least 50 years old.
  • An extensive bus network exists throughout the island. Most buses are not very comfortable though and make many stops along the way. Private bus drivers are paid according to the number of passengers and can often drive rather dangerously. Two long haul distance bus services operate from Colombo, one managed by the Sri Lanka Transport Board and the other managed by private bus companies. The bus station is located close to the Central Depot.
  • Taxis have yellow tops and red and white plates. In Colombo, taxis are metered but it is advisable to agree a rate before setting off. Drivers expect a 10% tip.
  • Trishaws (tuktuks) are ideal for short journeys within towns and cities, and for short excursions, the country’s many trishaws would be happy to offer you a ride. The vehicles are mainly Indian-made Bajaj rickshaws. Most trishaws are not metered. Always agree on a fare beforehand.
Herd of elephants bathing in a jungle river

There are several good reasons why you should put Sri Lanka on your bucket list:

  • Exploring historic towns, such as Fort Galle
  • Whale watching
  • Going on a safari (e.g. observing elephants and leopards in the wild)
  • Relaxing on the island’s magnificent beaches
  • Tea tourism
  • Indulging in Ayurveda

It’s impossible to suggest one itinerary for Sri Lanka, but I hereby share with you a schedule based on my own holidays in Sri Lanka, which is great if you want to see archipelago in a compact time frame of just one week:

  • Day 1: arrival & explore Colombo (suggested hotel: Shangri-La Colombo)
  • Day 2: visit Fort Galle (recommended hotel: Amangalla)
  • Day 4 & 5: go on safari In Yala National Park (suggested hotel: Wild Coast Tented Lodge)
  • Day 6, 7 and 8: relax on one of the country’s amazing beaches (suggested hotel: Amanwella)

If you have more time, I suggest you also explore the country’s Central Highlands.

For the planning of your own travel itinerary in Sri Lanka, I highly recommend the excellent itineraries as provided by The Lonely Planet and Rough Guides.



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